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  1. https://www.cuesta.edu/student/resources/ssc/study_guides/critical_thinking/103_think_logic_errors.html Types of Propaganda Techniques: Name calling: This techniques consists of attaching a negative label to a person or a thing. People engage in this type of behavior when they are trying to avoid supporting their own opinion with facts. Rather than explain what they believe in, they prefer to try to tear their opponent down. Glittering Generalities: This technique uses important-sounding "glad words" that have little or no real meaning. These words are used in general statements that cannot be proved or disproved. Words like "good," "honest," "fair," and "best" are examples of "glad" words. Transfer: In this technique, an attempt is made to transfer the prestige of a positive symbol to a person or an idea. For example, using the American flag as a backdrop for a political event makes the implication that the event is patriotic in the best interest of the U.S. False Analogy: In this technique, two things that may or may not really be similar are portrayed as being similar. When examining the comparison, you must ask yourself how similar the items are. In most false analogies, there is simply not enough evidence available to support the comparison. Testimonial: This technique is easy to understand. It is when "big name" personalities are used to endorse a product. Whenever you see someone famous endorsing a product, ask yourself how much that person knows about the product, and what he or she stands to gain by promoting it. Plain Folks: This technique uses a folksy approach to convince us to support someone or something. These ads depict people with ordinary looks doing ordinary activities. Card Stacking: This term comes from stacking a deck of cards in your favor. Card stacking is used to slant a message. Key words or unfavorable statistics may be omitted in an ad or commercial, leading to a series of half-truths. Keep in mind that an advertiser is under no obligation "to give the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth." Bandwagon: The "bandwagon" approach encourages you to think that because everyone else is doing something, you should do it too, or you'll be left out. The technique embodies a "keeping up with the Joneses" philosophy. Either/or fallacy: This technique is also called "black-and-white thinking" because only two choices are given. You are either for something or against it; there is no middle ground or shades of gray. It is used to polarize issues, and negates all attempts to find a common ground. Faulty Cause and Effect: This technique suggests that because B follows A, A must cause B. Remember, just because two events or two sets of data are related does not necessarily mean that one caused the other to happen. It is important to evaluate data carefully before jumping to a wrong conclusion. Errors of Faulty Logic Contradiction: Information is presented that is in direct opposition to other information within the same argument. Example: If someone stated that schools were overstaffed, then later argued for the necessity of more counselors, that person would be guilty of contradiction. Accident: Someone fails to recognize (or conceals the fact) that an argument is based on an exception to the rule. Example: By using selected scholar-athletes as the norm, one could argue that larger sports programs in schools were vital to improving academic performance of all students. False Cause: A temporal order of events is confused with causality; or, someone oversimplifies a complex causal network. Example: Stating that poor performance in schools is caused by poverty; poverty certainly contributes to poor academic performance but it is not the only factor. Begging the Question: A person makes a claim then argues for it by advancing grounds whose meaning is simply equivalent to that of the original claim. This is also called "circular reasoning." Example: Someone argues that schools should continue to have textbooks read from cover to cover because, otherwise, students would not be well-educated. When asked to define what "well-educated" means, the person says, "knowing what is in the textbooks." Evading the Issue: Someone sidesteps and issue by changing the topic. Example: When asked to say whether or not the presence of homosexuals in the army could be a disruptive force, a speaker presents examples of homosexuals winning combat medals for bravery. Arguing from Ignorance: Someone argues that a claim is justified simply because its opposite cannot be proven. Example: A person argues that voucher programs will not harm schools, since no one has ever proven that vouchers have harmed schools. Composition and Division: Composition involves an assertion about a whole that is true of its parts. Division is the opposite: an assertion about all of the parts that is true about the whole. Example: When a school system holds up its above-average scores and claims that its students are superior, it is committing the fallacy of division. Overall scores may be higher but that does not prove all students are performing at that level. Likewise, when the military points to the promiscuous behavior of some homosexuals, it is committing the fallacy of composition: the behavior of some cannot serve as proof of-the behavior of all homosexuals. Errors of Attack Poisoning the Well: A person is so committed to a position that he/she explains away absolutely everything others offer in opposition. Example: Almost every proponent and opponent on the ban on gays in the military commits this error. Ad Hominem: A person rejects a claim on the basis of derogatory facts (real or alleged) about the person making the claim. Example: Someone rejects President Clinton's reasons for lifting the ban on gays in the military because of Mr. Clinton's draft record. Appealing to Force: Someone uses threats to establish the validity of the claim. Example: Opponents of year-round school threaten to keep their children out of school during the summer months. Errors of Weak Reference Appeal to Authority: Authority is evoked as the last word on an issue. Example: Someone uses the Bible as the basis for his arguments against specific school reform issues. Appeal to the People: Someone attempts to justify a claim on the basis of popularity. Example: Opponents of year-round school claim that students would hate it. Appeal to Emotion: An emotion-laden "sob" story is used as proof for a claim. Example: A politician uses a sad story of a child being killed in a drive-by shooting to gain support for a year-round school measure.
  2. https://news.gallup.com/poll/341963/church-membership-falls-below-majority-first-time.aspx WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Americans' membership in houses of worship continued to decline last year, dropping below 50% for the first time in Gallup's eight-decade trend. In 2020, 47% of Americans said they belonged to a church, synagogue or mosque, down from 50% in 2018 and 70% in 1999. Church membership is strongly correlated with age, as 66% of traditionalists -- U.S. adults born before 1946 -- belong to a church, compared with 58% of baby boomers, 50% of those in Generation X and 36% of millennials. The limited data Gallup has on church membership among the portion of Generation Z that has reached adulthood are so far showing church membership rates similar to those for millennials.
  3. More of this please. Nuclear power needs to not only be saved, but to be increased drastically in the US. Like tenfold.
  4. I'm sure everyone has heard about the blockade of right leaning trucker groups shutting down the border between Canada and the US, leading to several GM and Ford factories shutting down completely.
  5. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/27/us/politics/qanon-republicans-trump.html Those are the findings of a poll released today by the Public Religion Research Institute and the Interfaith Youth Core, which found that 15 percent of Americans say they think that the levers of power are controlled by a cabal of Satan-worshiping pedophiles, a core belief of QAnon supporters. The same share said it was true that “American patriots may have to resort to violence” to depose the pedophiles and restore the country’s rightful order. IMO, that's not normal and will not lead to a better America. In 2016, a man armed with an assault rifle shot one human because he believe it was the place Hillary C hid her child sex ring.* In 2022, there are millions more believing obvious untruths. What is the solution? How has our system of government produced a people that 15% of believe outrageous untruths? One of the main battlefronts seems to be our children. And one of our major problems is lack of communication. Either it's a battle or no effective communication. It's our responsibility to help others who believe things blatant lies. Having a populous that believes ridiculous lies makes the country unstable. Just on the one issue of having additional bathrooms for children who can't decide what they are or have decided they are different than their birth certificate. Simple-You go in the one for the sex they assigned you at birth. Not sure if you are like the others in there, have fun peeping at the other kids wee-wee's. I would have loved to get to see the little girls pee pee's when I was in 3rd grade. *https://www.cbsnews.com/news/police-man-with-assault-rifle-dc-comet-pizza-victim-of-fake-sex-trafficking-story/
  6. To me this is so blatantly obvious it's insider trading. Nobody gets this good of a return https://unusualwhales.com/i_am_the_senate/pelosi
  7. Seriously, wouldn't this fix this whole issue ?
  8. tgo

    Wisconsin Unrest

    This is in response to the police paralyzation of Jacob Blake in Kenosha - hadnt seen much posted about it but its getting really heated. Looks like maybe Helter Skelter is being started by a psychopath cult leader afterall. Side note: I was watching a documentary about cult leaders last night and its fucking disturbing how much Trump meets the psychological profile of a typical cult leader.
  9. Rogue

    Energy thread

    Well, if we've got a Daylight Savings Time thread, might as well have an energy thread. We're going to be here a while. https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/18/climate/global-energy-crisis-conserve.html This will go over like a fart in church. It's kind of comical to imagine a US leader asking Americans to conserve. Here's the 10 steps I think this would be hard for regular Americans to accept, and I imagine Trumpers to flat out do the opposite of each one if ever publicly suggested....if not storm the Capitol. We've gotta reduce our reliance on foriegn oil! We've got to be energy independent! WAIT, NOT LIKE THAT!!!! It reminds me of the meme of Kaepernick kneeling with the caption, "Black people should protest peacefully...NO NOT LIKE THAT!!!!" Jokes aside, here is the most realistic thing in the NYT article.... Pretty much. Just deposit energy related issues here. It's going to be news for a while.
  10. Tennessee min wage is $7.25. A 40hr work week nets you $290 per week, minus SS. Food. Clothing. Shelter. Necessities. If I was 30yo again and that was my only source of getting income, I would do it. I would also get another job. I would find the cheapest room available to rent/in a safe neighborhood. I would eat as cheaply as possibly. I would save as much as I could and try to improve my life surroundings. But first I would try to understand, this is just what life had to offer for me. But I venture to say, very few people are like me. I'm wealthy by America's rating standards. I'm one of the humans referred to as black. Every dollar a human who is referred to as white has is 10 times as much wealth as the black humans. So, I look at what I have accomplished and am thankful that I am rich on American's scale of wealth. I also understand that if I was a white human, I would be 10 times as rich with the same effort. So, I realize I'm a bad ass mother... The skill and talent it took for me to make it playing against a stacked deck is awesome. But would you take that job? Have you got it in you to be low person on the income scale? Would you work 1.5 jobs to earn $450 per week? What would you have? TV set. Ride the bus. Find a woman who would live like that with you? Is that the kind of woman you married? Or would you do what the people in east Kentucky who overwhelming support Senator McConnell do? They live on welfare. They use more rx drugs per capita than anywhere else in the country. Their teeth are rotten and their kids use/deal meth. They sleep in deserted buildings. Would you work for minimum wage? Remember too, companies like Walmart hire workers for less than enough hours to qualify for regular job benefits the leftist have gotten imposed on corporations. If they need health care, the emergency room is open 24/7. So, what about you? Would you work for min wage? TLDR. IDGAF ?
  11. The Dow hit a record on Monday and the S&P 500 hit a record yesterday - economy is really rebounding from Trump's disaster.
  12. Case could go until early summer so there's a long road. Abortion could go back to the states (meaning it will be outlawed in most of the country). This is the bed Democrats have made for themselves by not voting, losing elections, and refusing to retire at opportune times.
  13. As we can clearly see, Biden is a trash president. Since he has been president virtually nothing has gotten better, in fact, everything has virtually gotten worse. So if you voted for Joe Biden would you change your vote now?
  14. In case you’ve got something to say about it…
  15. THE BORDER A clear plan has to be presented to handle the southern border and immigration. There are 425M people living in South America. There are 128M people living in Mexico. Right now there are hordes of people walking through Central America hoping to walk into the US. They believe they will have a better life if they can get into the USA and they will. Meanwhile, the United States is dealing with a pandemic, insurrection, high unemployment, unstable housing security, food insecurity and an economy being held together with rubber bands. Americans have inadequate health care coverage and pay more for RX than any other country in the world. The United States economic system is dog eat dog, rat eat rat. You get what you can grab and hold onto. There is no sort of equitable distribution of the wealth of America among its citizens. So, if you let millions of people walk into the country, admit they are scraping, clawing and fighting for the money at the low end of US economic scale. They do not walk across the border and get jobs on the board of directors at Fortune 500 companies. They come and compete with the least competitive American citizens for minimum wage, pay off the books jobs and other low paying jobs. They gain admission to our public education system and the education system’s are charged with providing multilingual education for them. The private schools where children already are receiving the best education do not have to take on this economic burden. We have hospitals that by law have to accept any human who shows at any emergence room door. If they are found to be indigent, we set them up with the lowest level of our healthcare system pro bono. Pro bono means free. Am I against people from South America? No. Am I for the poor of America first? Yes. Maybe there is a better way. The people who live south of our border in many cases are being cheated by dog eat dog, rat eat rat economic systems that are being run even worse than we run ours. There are many American companies/families doing business down there sucking wealth from these people helping to create their poor living conditions. Venezuela went from livable to live anywhere else. I won’t even try to show a solution for their problems, except to say we have participated in the exploitation of the country and have allowed tough guy leaders to exploit them. Are we supposed to be some big brother, seems like that’s what the hordes walking to America believe. Why not help them live better there? Look to Africa. What tribe do the De Beers belong? All over the continent, big industry is controlled by people from foreign lands who share wealth inequitably. Hey! Dog eat dog, rat eat rat. So, Europe has an immigration problem. I have no complete answer to world problems, I just know we cannot allow millions of people to just walk across our border bringing nothing but empty stomachs and a willingness to work for less than we pay our poorest citizens.
  16. I personally don't think Dems will be able to pass the wish list bill, but there's a growing discussion on reforming the Electoral Count Act of 1887. McConnell signaled he'd be open to talks, which my guess would be he would only support it if Dems backed off the transformative stuff. Schumer isn't buying it, but if I'm him, I'd take it plus reforming the pre-clearance portion that got struck out by SCOTUS in 2013. SCOTUS did so because (in their words), the 1965 legislation put the burden on the former confederate states and recommended reforming it to all 50 states. IMO that would go a long way and would be easier to pass than mandating 2 weeks of early voting everywhere, etc. My fear is the "go big or go home" blows up in Dems faces with nothing passed at all.
  17. Republicans want a societal breakdown. https://apnews.com/article/business-elections-wisconsin-legislature-constitutions-7667fd0191017fd4e531720d2ef73e3b
  18. What kind of person are you? One day, I threw a little skinny kid is a ditch. He was so small, I could easily pick him up and toss him in the ditch. That made me a better person because after I did that I was ashamed. I thought about that a lot afterwards. Why? Because he was skinny. Why was he skinny? Because he had a single mom trying to house and feed her two small children. I had no compassion for him, his little skinny sister or his mom. I was bigger than him and didn't want him following me around. I was about seven or eight when I took the path to being a better human being. Sadly, it takes some longer than others. What is it that causes @oldschool to attack people who he thinks have less sense than him? The pos follows me around. He is fucked up on the insides, imo. Two-three weeks ago he announce he had put me on ignore. Here he is back. I don't know if I can help him or not. I will try.
  19. Why in the hell were they trying to strip Abe Lincoln's name from a school?? This is the kinda silly shit that gets saddled on ALL Democrats.
  20. Or else. How far is this going to go? For you? Has it reached a point where Americans are prepared to duke it out? I don't even own a gun. Biden said, "We are fighting for the soul of America." Political opinion busted into our lunch date. One thing she said kinda popped out. "This is a spiritual war between good and evil." Can we coexist like we have done for the last 50 years? The last great divide America made the choice of freedom for all. Not only did black people get new freedoms, so did women, immigrants, genders, the handicapped, the list could fill up this page. Living during that time was scary. Kent State. Jackson State. Race riots. The 1968 Democrats Convention.* I think many people believe they have superior weapons, AK-47's. Sometimes, these things aren't so cut and dry. The Weathermen started sending bombs through the mail in the 1960's to different places. If it comes to war in the USA, it will be deadly. It will destroy the economy. The American people have never laid down. A fight between good and evil. Afghanistan? Iraq? * http://scholar.library.miami.edu/sixties/urbanRiots.php Major race riots have occurred in the United States at least since the Harlem Riots of 1948, but the 60's surpassed anything previously experienced. The five day Watts riot in August, 1965 saw 34 people die and a thousand injured; and the 1966 Detroit riot, 43 deaths. Following Martin Luther King's assassination in 1968, rioting broke out in over 120 cities including Chicago and Washington.
  21. “Speaker Nancy Pelosi and House Democratic leaders are working on a ban on members of Congress and senior staff trading stocks,” Punchbowl News reports. “This Democratic package is expected to include new restrictions on investments for federal judges as well, sources told us. In addition, the Democratic leadership is eyeing increases in the fines for lawmakers who are late in filing their annual financial disclosure reports.” “Sources involved in these discussions say that the details are still very fluid. But House Democrats plan to move on it this year.” “Even proposing this shows how the issue has huge momentum in a pivotal election year, with both the House and Senate up for grabs.” https://politicalwire.com/2022/02/09/pelosi-moves-to-ban-stock-trades-by-lawmakers/
  22. There's a lot of daily focus in the news on what ails America, and people are cognitively wired to be more reactive to news that makes them angry / bad news - so the focus is always on that as the media is more focused than ever on driving profit and clicks. It's hard to contextualize things in the world when people are constantly hearing only bad news stories, some manufactured and some real - and with all the focus on the political and racial divisions and police incidents and what not in the country, it always (falsely) seems like everything is going downhill. Figured we need a good news thread so that we're not just always cognitively biased toward covering bad news and problems. We should also cover areas of progress, good deeds, and general good news.
  23. This guy needs a bigger bullhorn. Full Vox interview
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